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Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN), Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG): Price to Cash Flow Under Review

Here we will take a look into some valuation metrics for Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund TSX:BPF.UN shares.

Price-To-Cash-Flow-Ratio is a term that indicates the degree of cash flow valuation of the enterprise in the securities market. It is derived from the P/E – Price Earnings Ratio, in which the profit is replaced by cash flow. Unlike P/E, the ratio isn’t affected by the chosen depreciation methods, making it suitable for geographic comparison.  Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund currently has a P/CF ratio of 10.412056.

When the stock portfolio is diversified, there is a good chance that some stocks will be winners and some will be losers. Regularly reviewing portfolio performance can help the investor stay the course. Keeping track of performance can help spot stocks that might no longer be beneficial to the goals of the investor. There may be times after a review where nothing needs to be adjusted, but staying ahead of the curve can put the individual in a good place when the investing waters become choppy. 

Volatility

Watching some historical volatility numbers on shares of Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN), we can see that the 12 month volatility is presently 20.150000. The 6 month volatility is 22.044200, and the 3 month is spotted at 23.805600. Following volatility data can help measure how much the stock price has fluctuated over the specified time period. Although past volatility action may help project future stock volatility, it may also be vastly different when taking into account other factors that may be driving price action during the measured time period. 

We can now take a quick look at some historical stock price index data. Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) presently has a 10 month price index of 0.90547. The price index is calculated by dividing the current share price by the share price ten months ago. A ratio over one indicates an increase in share price over the period. A ratio lower than one shows that the price has decreased over that time period. Looking at some alternate time periods, the 12 month price index is 0.89815, the 24 month is 0.86130, and the 36 month is 1.15351. Narrowing in a bit closer, the 5 month price index is 1.04848, the 3 month is 1.10655, and the 1 month is currently 1.00674.

Valuation Ratios

Looking at some ROIC (Return on Invested Capital) numbers, Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN)’s ROIC is 0.369701. The ROIC 5 year average is 0.630778 and the ROIC Quality ratio is . ROIC is a profitability ratio that measures the return that an investment generates for those providing capital. ROIC helps show how efficient a firm is at turning capital into profits.  In terms of EBITDA Yield, Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) currently has a value of . This value is derived by dividing EBITDA by Enterprise Value.

The Price to Book ratio (Current share price / Book value per share) is a good valuation measure you can use to find undervalued investment ideas.  A low Price to Book could indicate that the shares are undervalued in their industry.  Generally speaking a P/B ratio under 1 is considered low and is best used in relation to asset-heavy firms.  At the time of writing Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) has a price to book ratio of 1.362399.

The Leverage Ratio of Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 0.210616. Leverage ratio is the total debt of a company divided by total assets of the current and past year divided by two. Companies take on debt to finance their day to day operations. The leverage ratio can measure how much of a company’s capital comes from debt. With this ratio, investors can better estimate how well a company will be able to pay their long and short term financial obligations.

Investors may be trying to figure out what stocks will give a boost to portfolio performance over the next few months. Value investors may be looking for current value in the market. They are generally looking for bargains and interested in uncovering those stocks that may be primed for a run but have fallen out of favor with Wall Street. Growth investors may be looking to target companies that are able to advance earnings faster than average. This may include searching for those industries that have strong growth trends and a proven track record of strong sales and earnings growth. 

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 0.019932.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Value Composite One (VC1) is a method that investors use to determine a company’s value.  The VC1 of Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 51.  A company with a value of 0 is thought to be an undervalued company, while a company with a value of 100 is considered an overvalued company.  The VC1 is calculated using the price to book value, price to sales, EBITDA to EV, price to cash flow, and price to earnings.  Similarly, the Value Composite Two (VC2) is calculated with the same ratios, but adds the Shareholder Yield.  The Value Composite Two of Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 39.

Some investors may be looking to trade the trend and capitalize on strong current performers. Other investors may look to take a contrarian approach. This can involve looking for names that have been overlooked by the crowd. There are many different contrarian approaches that investors may choose to use. Going against the crowd may require a lot more homework and confidence. There may be hidden gems out there, but is may be wise to investigate why nobody else seems to want to get into the name. Finding that perfect strategy may take a lot of study and dedication. Taking shortcuts in the market can have severe negative effects on the long-term health of the portfolio. 

At the time of writing, Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) has a Piotroski F-Score of 5. The F-Score may help discover companies with strengthening balance sheets. The score may also be used to spot the weak performers. Joseph Piotroski developed the F-Score which employs nine different variables based on the company financial statement. A single point is assigned to each test that a stock passes. Typically, a stock scoring an 8 or 9 would be seen as strong. On the other end, a stock with a score from 0-2 would be viewed as weak.

The Price to book ratio is the current share price of a company divided by the book value per share.  The Price to Book ratio for Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund TSX:BPF.UN is 1.362399.  A lower price to book ratio indicates that the stock might be undervalued.  Similarly, Price to cash flow ratio is another helpful ratio in determining a company’s value.  The Price to Cash Flow for Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 10.412056.  This ratio is calculated by dividing the market value of a company by cash from operating activities.  Additionally, the price to earnings ratio is another popular way for analysts and investors to determine a company’s profitability.  The price to earnings ratio for Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund (TSX:BPF.UN) is 42.851694. This ratio is found by taking the current share price and dividing by earnings per share.

As we move closer to the end of the year, investors might be closely monitoring key economic reports. Staying on top of the most recent reports can help the individual see the overall landscape a bit clearer. It may be overwhelming to keep up with every single report that comes out, but knowing which information has a bigger impact on stock investments may help the investor. Investors may already be trying to gauge how they will set themselves up for success over the next couple of quarters. They may be still going over all the latest company earnings reports trying to identify some names that can give the portfolio a boost as we move into the New Year.

In order to determine if a company is fairly valued, we can look at a number of different ratios and metrics.  First off we’ll take a look at the Price to Cash Flow ratio of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG).  The firm currently has a P/CF ratio of 18.184118.

This is the current Price divided by Cash Flow Per Share for the trailing twelve months. Cash Flow is defined as Income After Taxes minus Preferred Dividends and General Partner Distributions plus Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization.

One of the staple principles for investing is buy low and sell high. While this may sound obvious, many investors end up doing just the opposite. When dealing with the stock market, investors often have to be careful not to let their irrational side take over when making decisions. Investors may get caught up in the flurry when stocks are skyrocketing. The temptation to get on board and be part of the ride can lead to some ill-planned moves. Focusing on near-term movements might be included in the game plan for some, but for others, this may be distracting from the bigger picture and long-term plan. Stocks that become widely publicized and popular in the media may not be the right addition to the individual investor’s portfolio. Conducting the due diligence on any position can help the investor make sure that they are getting in at a good time and price.

Profitability

The Return on Invested Capital (aka ROIC) for Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 0.794847.  The Return on Invested Capital is a ratio that determines whether a company is profitable or not.  It tells investors how well a company is turning their capital into profits.  The ROIC is calculated by dividing the net operating profit (or EBIT) by the employed capital.  The employed capital is calculated by subrating current liabilities from total assets.  Similarly, the Return on Invested Capital Quality ratio is a tool in evaluating the quality of a company’s ROIC over the course of five years.  The ROIC Quality of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 10.127047.  This is calculated by dividing the five year average ROIC by the Standard Deviation of the 5 year ROIC.  The ROIC 5 year average is calculated using the five year average EBIT, five year average (net working capital and net fixed assets).  The ROIC 5 year average of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 0.704475.

Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) has a Price to Book ratio of 9.594415. This ratio is calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 18.184118, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 21.111413. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

After a recent scan, we can see that Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.070148 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of 0.07015. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

The EBITDA Yield is a great way to determine a company’s profitability.  This number is calculated by dividing a company’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization by the company’s enterprise value.  Enterprise Value is calculated by taking the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.  The EBITDA Yield for Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 0.065373. 

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 0.271921.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

Quant Scores

The Gross Margin Score is calculated by looking at the Gross Margin and the overall stability of the company over the course of 8 years.  The score is a number between one and one hundred (1 being best and 100 being the worst).  The Gross Margin Score of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 6.00000.  The more stable the company, the lower the score.  If a company is less stable over the course of time, they will have a higher score.

The C-Score is a system developed by James Montier that helps determine whether a company is involved in falsifying their financial statements.  The C-Score is calculated by a variety of items, including a growing difference in net income verse cash flow, increasing days outstanding, growing days sales of inventory, increasing assets to sales, declines in depreciation, and high total asset growth.  The C-Score of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 0.00000.  The score ranges on a scale of -1 to 6.  If the score is -1, then there is not enough information to determine the C-Score.  If the number is at zero (0) then there is no evidence of fraudulent book cooking, whereas a number of 6 indicates a high likelihood of fraudulent activity. The C-Score assists investors in assessing the likelihood of a company cheating in the books.

The ERP5 Rank is an investment tool that analysts use to discover undervalued companies.  The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC.  The ERP5 of Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) is 4663.  The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a company is thought to be.

At the time of writing, Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) has a Piotroski F-Score of 7. The F-Score may help discover companies with strengthening balance sheets. The score may also be used to spot the weak performers. Joseph Piotroski developed the F-Score which employs nine different variables based on the company financial statement. A single point is assigned to each test that a stock passes. Typically, a stock scoring an 8 or 9 would be seen as strong. On the other end, a stock with a score from 0-2 would be viewed as weak.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (TSX:CMG) has a Value Composite score of 59. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 47.

Investing in the stock market will always come with ups and downs. There are so many different factors that can have an impact on the day to day movements of stock prices. Finding the correct investing strategy may take some time. Many investors may have the tendency to become impatient when the portfolio is not performing up to snuff. Sometimes an original plan may be solid, but it needs some time to start to work itself out. Staying on the right track can be much easier said than done. There are always forces leading the investor to question their holdings. Giving up on a strategy too early can result in a lot of second guessing. There may be a time when the plan needs to be modified to adapt with changing market environments, but pulling the cord based on some early trouble may not be the best solution.

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