Myanmar’s generals have seized energy in a coup, plunging the Southeast Asian nation into renewed political turmoil, with tons of of 1000’s of demonstrators rallying throughout the nation demanding the discharge of elected chief Aung San Suu Kyi and the restoration of civilian rule.
The army takeover on February 1 drew international condemnation: The US, UK, Canada, New Zealand and the EU have all introduced chosen sanctions on the nation’s generals, whereas China has expressed concern, saying that “the present growth in Myanmar is completely not what China desires to see”.
As day by day protests proceed to grip the nation, fears of a violent crackdown are rising.
Here’s a timeline of occasions because the coup.
February 1: The army detains Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and different senior figures from the ruling Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD) in an early morning raid, hours earlier than Myanmar’s new parliament was set to satisfy for its first session.
The army, recognized domestically because the Tatmadaw, declares a state of emergency for a 12 months, and says it took motion due to alleged fraud within the November election that the NLD received in a landslide.
It arms over all govt, legislative and judicial powers to Senior Basic Min Aung Hlaing.
The NLD publishes an announcement on behalf of Aung San Suu Kyi written earlier than she was detained, urging individuals to protest in opposition to the coup.
February 2: US designates the army takeover a coup.
In Myanmar’s largest metropolis, Yangon, individuals bang pots and pans and sound automobile horns in protest. Medical doctors and pupil teams name for civil disobedience campaigns.
February 3: Workers at 70 hospitals and medical departments throughout Myanmar cease work. Others put on crimson ribbons as a part of a civil disobedience marketing campaign.
The NLD’s workplaces in a number of areas of the nation are raided, with paperwork, computer systems and laptops taken.
Myanmar police file expenses in opposition to Aung San Suu Kyi and search her detention till February 15. A police doc says army officers who searched her house discovered six hand-held radios that have been imported illegally and used with out permission.
Costs are additionally filed in opposition to President Win Myint for violating protocols to cease the unfold of the coronavirus.
The generals block Fb, in addition to its Messenger and WhatsApp companies, for the sake of “stability”.
February 4: A gaggle of protesters wave banners and chant anti-coup slogans in Mandalay, Myanmar’s second-biggest metropolis, within the first such avenue protest in opposition to the military takeover. Not less than three persons are arrested.
The United Nations Safety Council requires the discharge of Aung San Suu Kyi and others detained by the army, however stops wanting condemning the coup.
February 5: Academics and a few authorities employees be a part of the Civil Disobedience motion, saying they won’t work for the authorities until the elected authorities is restored.
Japanese beverage group Kirin terminates its alliance with Myanmar Financial Holdings (MEHL), a army conglomerate.
February 6: The Tatmadaw orders blocks on Twitter and Instagram, the place protesters had been sharing data, after which a blackout of all the web. Tens of 1000’s of individuals take to the streets to protest in opposition to the coup in Yangon and different cities.
February 7: Protests sweep Myanmar within the greatest present of mass anger since a 2007 rebellion by Buddhist monks that helped result in democratic reforms.
Web entry is restored, however social media platforms stay blocked.
February 8: Navy imposes a curfew in Yangon, Mandalay and different townships, and bans gatherings of greater than 5 individuals in a bid to stamp out rising protests.
Min Aung Hlaing makes first televised handle to the nation and guarantees to carry new elections in a 12 months and hand energy to the winners.
February 9: Police hearth weapons principally into the air, and use water cannon and rubber-coated bullets to attempt to clear protesters within the capital Naypyidaw.
One younger lady is shot within the head with a dwell bullet. Medical doctors say she is unlikely to outlive.
New Zealand suspends high-level contact with Myanmar and imposes journey bans on its high generals.
February 11: The US imposes sanctions on Myanmar’s appearing president and a number of other different army officers and warns the generals there could possibly be extra financial punishment to return.
Ming Aung Hlaing urges authorities staff to return to work in his first public remarks on the protests in opposition to him.
February 12: Lots of of 1000’s be a part of nationwide pro-democracy demonstrations, with three individuals wounded by rubber-coated bullets in clashes with police.
The UN Human Rights Council urges Myanmar to launch Aung San Suu Kyi and different officers, and chorus from violence in opposition to individuals protesting in opposition to the coup.
February 13: The army suspends legal guidelines constraining safety forces from detaining suspects or looking out personal property with out court docket approval and orders the arrest of well-known backers of mass protests.
It additionally threatens motion in opposition to civil servants who refuse to return to work.
February 14: The civil disobedience motion spreads, disrupting air and practice journey.
February 15: Armoured automobiles are deployed in primary cities and web entry is blocked as a decide extends Aung San Suu Kyi’s two-week detention by an extra two days.
February 16: Navy denies its removing of Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected authorities was a coup, as police file a second cost in opposition to the de facto chief, accusing her of violating the nation’s Pure Catastrophe Regulation.
Chen Hai, China’s ambassador to Myanmar, responds to near-daily protests in entrance of the nation’s mission in Yangon, saying Beijing was not knowledgeable upfront of the army takeover. He says the scenario was “completely not what China desires to see” and dismisses rumours of Chinese language involvement within the coup as “utterly nonsense”.
February 17: Lots of of 1000’s of individuals march once more as demonstrators in Yangon park their automobiles in the midst of metropolis streets and bridges to stop military vehicles from transferring to interrupt up protests.
February 18: The UK and Canada impose sanctions on Myanmar’s generals whereas Japan says it agrees with the US, India and Australia that democracy should be restored rapidly.
February 19: Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, the younger lady shot within the head in Naypyidaw, dies from her wounds.
February 20: Safety forces open hearth on hanging employees and different protesters at a Mandalay shipyard, killing at the least two individuals and wounding 20 extra.
Singapore condemns the killings as “inexcusable” and the UK threatens “additional motion”.
February 21: Undeterred by the violence, tens of 1000’s of individuals rally once more in cities and cities throughout Myanmar.
Fb takes down the army’s primary web page for repeated violations of its requirements “prohibiting incitement of violence and coordinating hurt”. The army warns individuals in opposition to participating in a deliberate basic strike saying confrontation may price extra lives.
February 22: Protesters launch a basic strike. Companies throughout the nation shut as protesters collect of their tons of of 1000’s in what native media referred to as the most important protests because the coup.
The US sanctions two extra generals concerned within the takeover, because the EU additionally broadcasts sanctions on the army.